Natural Gas Storage Infrastructure

Published - Aug 2006| Analyst - Edward Gobina| Code - EGY045A
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Report Highlights

  • Global LNG and natural gas storage infrastructure spending was approximately $22.9 billion in 2005. By 2010, this market will reach nearly $31 billion, an average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 6.2%
  • Merchant LNG storages will continue to spearhead growth over the forecast period. These small regasification storage plants are often called "peakshaving plants." Alternatively, the LNG may be transported in special tanker trucks to small facilities where it is stored and regasified as needed. Such facilities are called "satellite plants." The United States, for example, has about 100 LNG satellite and peakshaving plants throughout the country. There is also a growing support for natural gas vehicles (NGV), with their global usage being seen as one of the major pathways to the "hydrogen economy". Worldwide there are now over 3.8 million NGVs on the road
  • The deregulation of underground storage has combined with other factors such as the growth in the number of gas-fired electricity generating plants to place a premium on high-deliverability storage facilities. This will maintain a healthy growth in working gas storage investments globally at an AAGR corresponding to 5.4% over the forecast period to 2010.

INTRODUCTION

BCC Research has completed this study on the demand for natural gas and LNG storage infrastructure. The goals of this report are to: Anticipate gas supply drivers and trends, including technology shifts; evaluate pricing trends for key North American and European wholesale gas markets; assess the impacts of new and proposed infrastructure on LNG and underground gas storage projects, and determine their effects on the market; quantify the impact of new technologies, industry structure, business trends, and regulatory change; identify the key structural and strategic factors that will drive growth and opportunity in the LNG and natural gas storage industry to 2010; and provide details on the various technologies involved in LNG and natural gas storage including the critical stages of integration and how they relate to the global natural gas trade and demand pattern.

The objective of this market research report is to provide a balanced and detailed evaluation of the current status of the global LNG and natural gas storage infrastructure industry.

Ninety-eight percent of all LNG traded worldwide is transported by ship. Driven by increasing global demand and decreasing costs, is it any wonder that LNG storage and shipping are being thrown into the limelight? More and more, industry players are realizing that LNG storage and shipping is more than just an integral part of the LNG supply chain. To put it simply, getting storage and shipping right is critical to your business.

The natural gas crisis between Russia and Ukraine at the beginning of January 2006 report_highlightsed the importance of natural gas storage (energy) security in the region and Europe. This is illustrated in the case of Turkey. Although the crisis had no immediate fallout in Turkey, the country is a major buyer of Russian natural gas and the question mark hovering over Russian supplies brought forward the importance of gas storage in Turkey and national contingency plans.

The consumption of natural gas varies day-to-day and month-to-month. Weather and the demands of electric power generation translate into usage fluctuations. Seasonally the fluctuation is as much as 50%, and short term it can be even more variable. Exact timing, location, and volume of peak demand are unpredictable. Since natural gas is not produced in a way that corresponds to these fluctuations, surplus gas is pumped during slumps in usage into numerous storage facilities (underground and LNG) for use during inevitable surges in consumption. In international trade LNG storage provides the vital link between gas producers and consuming countries. This allows continuous service even when production or pipeline transportation services can not meet demand.

SCOPE OF STUDY

This report:

  • Assesses and quantifies the current global natural gas and LNG storage market and demand;
  • Investigates and evaluates the future global use of storage as a means of primary energy production, through 2010;
  • Offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the global natural gas and LNG storage market;
  • Discusses important current and potential environmental regulations that may effect the growth of this market;
  • Provides a detailed patent analysis and profiles the top companies in the market.

METHODOLOGY

In this report both historic and current data have been used in the natural gas storage infrastructure demand analysis. The results of the calculations presented here are therefore based on two components: a historic analysis of the global natural gas storage infrastructure demand in the period 2002 to 2005, demand for 2005 and forecasted demand for the 2005 to 2010 timeframe.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Information sources include trade data (national and international), company publicity literature, conference reports, world trade technical journals and interviews with company representatives.

ANALYSTS CREDENTIALS

Edward Gobina is a Full UK Professor of Chemical and Processing Engineering and has 20 years research and teaching experience in environmental engineering, petrochemical reaction engineering, and membrane catalysis technology. He has been published extensively, with over 100 relevant publications in international scientific journals and is project analyst of 15 BCC Research reports covering the entire chemical energy infrastructure chain from gas sensors, hydrogen and industrial gases to advanced exploration and downhole technologies for oil and gas exploitation & production. Professor Gobina is a member of the European Membrane Society (EMS), the North American Membrane Society (NAMS) and the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS). He is the current Director of the Centre for Process Integration and Membrane Technology (CPIMT) within the School of Engineering at the Robert Gordon University in the UK.

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