Rare Earths: Worldwide Markets, Applications, Technologies
The global market for rare earths totaled 148,840 metric tons in 2013. The market reached 153,260 metric tons in 2014 and is expected to reach 207,205 metric tons in 2019, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.2% for the period 2014-2019.
- An overview of the global market for rare earth materials, technologies, and applications.
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012 and 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.
- Details concerning rare earth technology focusing on materials, sources, and applications.
- Identification of important technological and market trends within each market segment.
- Analysis of relevant patents and patent trends.
This report provides an updated review of rare earth materials, sources, pricing and production processes and identifies current and emerging applications for these materials.
BCC Research delineates the current market status for rare earths, defines trends and presents growth forecasts for the next five years. Supply and sourcing issues, including the latest developments, are also discussed.
The rare earth market is analyzed based on material type and application, and it is expressed as rare earth consumption (in metric tons [t]) and revenues (in $ millions).
A detailed U.S. patent analysis provides further insight regarding market and technological developments
More specifically, the market analysis conducted by BCC Research for this report is divided into seven sections.
In the first section (Chapter Three), an introduction to the topic and a historical review of rare earth technology are provided, including an outline of recent events. In this section, current and emerging applications for these materials are also identified and divided by sector (e.g., metallurgical/mechanical, chemical, energy and electronics).
The second section (Chapter Four) outlines the latest process developments and improvements related to rare earth production, followed by a summary of global production by country.
The third section (Chapter Five) provides a detailed analysis of the geographical distribution of rare earth sources, discussing the major rare earth mining activities in each country, including supplying an updated assessment of world reserves, a status report on the most important mining projects and global production forecasts.
Past, present and future price trends are presented and discussed in the fourth section (Chapter Six).
The fifth section (Chapter Seven) provides a global market analysis of rare earths. Global demand for rare earths is presented by industry/application and by element, with actual data for the years 2012 and 2013 and estimated data for 2014. Global rare earth revenues by industry are also provided.
The analysis of the current rare earth market is followed by a detailed presentation of market growth trends based on industry growth and technological trends. The fifth section concludes by providing projected demand for rare earths within each segment, together with forecast compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) for 2014 through 2019.
The sixth section (Chapter Eight) of the study, which covers global industry structure, lists rare earth suppliers and descriptions of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of other key industry players. Detailed company profiles of the top players are also provided.
The seventh and final section (Chapter Nine) includes an extensive U.S. patent analysis, with a summary of patents related to rare earth materials, processes and applications issued in 2014. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee, patent category, application and material type.
Margareth Gagliardi has extensive experience in the field of advanced materials, specializing in ceramic formulations, materials processing, and new product development. For more than 20 years, she has held management positions in both manufacturing and R&D within U.S. and European firms producing electronic, mechanical, chemical and structural components. She currently works as a consultant serving a variety of organizations and research institutions. She holds a B.S. in Chemical Engineering and an M.S. in Ceramic Engineering.
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The global market for rare earths increased from 111.5 thousand metric tons of equivalent rare earth oxides (REO) in 2009 to 141.3 thousand metric tons in 2010, and is estimated to reach 158.2 thousand metric tons by the end of 2011. Consequently, the total market for rare earths is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 10.3% through 2016, leading to the consumption of nearly 258 billion tons of REO in 2016.
- The global market for rare earths consumed 126,682 metric tons of materials in 2008 and an estimated 113,610 metric tons in 2009. This is expected to increase to 175,618 metric tons in 2014, for a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.1%.
- Mechanical and metallurgical applications have the largest share of the market and used 42,765 metric tons of materials in 2008. This is expected to decrease to 36,770 metric tons in 2009 and increase to 56,410 metric tons in 2014, for a CAGR of 8.9%.
- Glass and ceramics applications have the second-largest market share, and used 34,730 metric tons in 2008 and an estimated 32,500 metric tons in 2009. This is expected to increase at a CAGR of 8.5% to reach 48,890 metric tons in 2014.
Global consumption of rare earth materials was more than 87,000 metric tons in 2004 and 96,000 metric tons in 2005. At an average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 10.1%, consumption of these materials should cross well over 155,000 metric tons.
Glass and ceramic materials held the highest share of the market in 2004, approximately 18.5%. Permanent magnets overtook this place in 2005 with almost 19% of the total market. This sector will maintain this position through the forecast period, crossing 32,000 metric tons in 2010 at an AAGR of 12.2%.
NiMH batteries held the highest AAGR with 30.5%, reaching over 27,000 metric tons in 2010. The second-highest growth rate through the forecast period was phosphors at 13.4%.
Total worldwide production of rare earths will reach 91,325 million tonnes in 2007.
Asia, excluding Japan, will have the fastest average annual growth rate (AAGR) of 4.8%.
Future strong growth for rare earths will be for rechargeable batteries, medical applications, sensors and dental/surgical lasers.
Magnetic refrigeration also will emerge as a commercial market.
In terms of market value, the leading rare earth end use is for high power permanent magnets. In 1999, $1.2 billion worth of rare earth-containing magnets will be sold. These magnets included 25,300 tons of rare earth materials (based on rare earth oxide content). Under an optimistic market scenario, this could grow to more than $2 billion over the next 10 years.
In terms of tonnage, the leading rare earth application is for catalysts, including gasoline cracking catalysts and air pollution abatement catalysts. In 1999, this represents a 30,000-ton market. This market is stable, and little growth is likely.
The fastest-growing market could be for rare earth-containing room temperature superconductors. From a commercial market of essentially zero, the rare earth-containing superconductor market in 1999 should be on the order of $25 million. Over the next 5 years, under an optimistic scenario, this could grow to a $200 million market. By 2009, $0.5 billion worth of rare earth-containing superconductors could be sold. In terms of tonnage, this could mean a 200-ton market within the 10-year scope of this report.