Electric Farm Tractor Market - A Global and Regional Analysis: Focus on Product, Application, Adoption Framework, Startup, Patent, Value Chain, and Country-Wise Analysis - Analysis and Forecast, 2023-2028

Jun 2023| BIS592B| BIS Research

Report Highlights

Global Electric Farm Tractor Market to Reach $234.0 Million by 2028

Market Segmentation:

Segmentation 1: by Application

  • Light-Duty Tractor
  • Medium-Duty Tractor
  • Heavy-Duty Tractor

Light-Duty Tractor Continues its Dominance as the Leading Application Segment

The electric farm tractor market is led by light-duty applications, with a 50.98% share in 2022. The major demand for light-duty electric farm tractors is owing to their low curb weight, better battery performance, and low cost as compared to heavy-duty tractors, which attracts the farmers toward these tractors.

Light-duty electric farm tractors produce zero tailpipe emissions, helping to improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Government incentives and regulations play a crucial role in driving the demand for light-duty electric farm tractors. Many governments worldwide are implementing policies and incentives to promote the adoption of electric vehicles, including farm tractors. These incentives often come in the form of tax credits, grants, subsidies, or favorable financing options. Such support encourages farmers to invest in electric tractors by offsetting the higher upfront costs and making them more financially viable. In addition, stricter emissions regulations on conventional diesel-powered equipment in some regions are pushing farmers to seek electric alternatives to comply with environmental standards. Another significant factor contributing to the demand for light-duty electric farm tractors is the potential cost savings they offer in the long run. While electric tractors may have a higher initial purchase cost compared to conventional tractors, they tend to have lower operating and maintenance expenses.

Segmentation 2: by Mode of Operation

  • Manual
  • Autonomous

Manual Mode of Operation Witness the Highest Market Share in 2022

The manual segment accounted for the largest share of the electric farm tractor market in the year 2022 since the farmers are yet to be aware and technically skilled in autonomous technology, and it is expected to remain the same during the forecast period. The demand for manual electric farm tractors is influenced by several factors that make them appealing to certain farmers and agricultural operations. One significant factor is affordability. Manual electric farm tractors generally have lower upfront costs compared to their autonomous or robotic counterparts. This makes them more accessible to farmers with limited budgets, especially small and medium-sized farms. Farmers who recognize the benefits of electric tractors but do not require advanced automation may opt for manual electric tractors as a cost-effective solution that still provides the advantages of electric power.

Flexibility and control are additional factors driving the demand for manual electric farm tractors. Farmers have a higher degree of control and flexibility with these tractors, as they can manually operate and control them according to their specific needs. This allows farmers to adapt to the varying conditions of their fields and customize their farming operations accordingly.

The autonomous segment is anticipated to witness the highest growth rate during the forecast period 2023-2028. This is mainly due to the growing implementation and integration of digital and automation technologies in agricultural machinery.

Segmentation 3: by Drivetrain Technology

  • Battery Electric
  • Hybrid Electric

Battery Electric Witness Highest Market Share between 2023 and 2028

The global electric farm tractor market is estimated to be led by battery-electric drivetrains, with a share of 87.5% in 2022, owing to the growing demand for battery-operated electric farm tractors from light and medium-duty applications.

In addition, battery electric farm tractors can provide long-term cost savings. Although it has a higher upfront purchase cost compared to conventional tractors, it has lower operating and maintenance expenses. Electric farm tractors have fewer moving parts, resulting in reduced maintenance requirements and costs associated with engine oil changes, fuel filters, and exhaust systems. Moreover, electricity is generally cheaper than diesel or gasoline, leading to lower operating costs over time. These cost-saving benefits make battery electric tractors financially attractive to farmers seeking to optimize their operational expenses and achieve long-term financial sustainability.

Moreover, governments worldwide are implementing policies to incentivize the adoption of electric vehicles, including farm tractors. This includes tax credits, grants, subsidies, and favorable financing options, which make battery electric tractors more affordable for farmers.

Segmentation 4: by Region

  • North America - U.S., Canada, and Mexico
  • Europe - Germany, France, Norway, Ukraine, Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Greece, Switzerland, and Rest-of-Europe
  • China
  • U.K.
  • Asia-Pacific - Japan, India, South Korea, Australia & New Zealand, and Rest-of-Asia-Pacific
  • South America - Brazil and Rest-of-South America
  • Middle East and Africa - South Africa, Israel, Turkey, and Rest-of-Middle East and Africa

North America Dominate the Electric Farm Tractor Market During the Forecast Period

North America dominated the electric farm tractor market in 2022 and is anticipated to uphold its dominance throughout the forecast period. The growth in the market is majorly driven by the increasing research and development activities and large-scale adoption of electric farm tractors. Furthermore, the average land sizes in North America are huge compared to other regions such as the Asia-Pacific. Thus, farmers in the U.S. and Canada have massive revenues, which they could invest in technology. On the other hand, in developing countries, due to smaller farm sizes and overpopulation, farmers generate fewer profit margins, which are eventually redeployed into the operations, limiting any possibilities of investments. Also the ongoing trend for automation is also expected to have a significant impact on market growth.

Based on region, Asia-Pacific is expected to register the highest growth rate during the forecast period 2023-2028. This is due to ongoing efforts to digitize and electrify every industry, which will also benefit the electric farm tractor sector. Apart from this, the regional governments are enacting technology-friendly policies, which are expected to further have a significant impact on the market.

Recent Developments in the Global Electric Farm Tractor Market

  • In April 2023, Ideanomics’s subsidiary named, Solectrac, added new products to its product category of e25 electric tractors. The new product has the feature of the hydrostatic transmission, a mid-PTO, and independent PTO operation and is named e25H. It will be available for sale by the 2nd quarter of 2023.
  • In December 2022, Monarch Tractor launched the electric tractor founder series named MK-V. It is the first commercially developed electric and driver-optional smart tractor. It combines technologies such as electrification, automation, and data analysis.

Demand – Drivers and Limitations

Market Demand Drivers:

Rising Awareness toward Sustainable Practices in Agriculture

Agriculture is a vast energy-intensive sector; it converts energy into food. Sustainable agriculture refers to farming practices that focus on producing food while minimizing the negative impact on the environment and preserving natural resources for future generations. In recent years, there has been a significant rise in awareness toward sustainable agriculture practices, with governments and farmers alike taking steps to reduce their environmental footprint. Governments around the world have recognized the need for sustainable agriculture practices and have taken various initiatives to promote them. For instance, the European Union has set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture by at least 20% by 2020. The United States Department of Agriculture has also launched the Natural Resources Conservation Service, which provides farmers with technical and financial assistance to implement conservation practices on their farms.

Increased Farm Mechanization and Technology Adoption

Increased farm mechanization and technology adoption in agriculture has the potential to improve the efficiency, productivity, and sustainability of agricultural production. Farm mechanization and the adoption of smart farming technologies in agriculture lead to increased efficiency in various farming operations, such as planting, harvesting, and processing. This can reduce labor requirements and improve the speed and accuracy of these tasks. In addition, mechanization and technology can also lead to increased productivity by enabling farmers to cultivate larger areas of land and produce more crops per unit of land. For example, using precision farming techniques, farmers can optimize crop yields by applying fertilizer and water in precise amounts and locations.

Favoring Policies toward Electric Vehicle Adoption

Various electric vehicle (EV) incentives have been introduced in key markets over the past decade, helping to stimulate a strong expansion of electric vehicle models. For electric vehicles to reach their full potential to combat climate change, the 2020s must be the decade of mass adoption of light electric vehicles. In addition, specific policy support and model extensions for the medium and heavy vehicle segments will be crucial to mitigate emissions and make progress toward climate targets. Significant tax incentives fuelled the initial adoption of electric light commercial vehicles (LDVs) and underpinned expansion in the EV manufacturing and battery industries. The measures – primarily purchase subsidies or vehicle purchase and registration tax rebates – were intended to reduce the price gap to conventional vehicles.

Increased Demand for Electrification from Agriculture Industry

Not only cars can be powered electrically, but also commercial vehicles such as tractors, buses, trucks, vans, or vehicles used in agriculture and the construction industry. The E models are more environmentally friendly, quieter, and more efficient than those with combustion engines. Heavy commercial vehicles such as trucks, tractors, vans, and others are responsible for nearly 25% of CO2 emissions across the globe. Most of these vehicles are still powered by fossil fuels, i.e., diesel. In addition, commercial vehicles need a lot of fuel - and thus consume significantly more diesel than a car. But fossil fuels such as oil are finite. They also cause enormous air pollution.

Market Challenges:

Inadequate Charging and Network Infrastructure and Battery Recycling Challenges

Two basic infrastructural requirements for an advanced farming ecosystem are access to electricity, the internet, and communication. Although many nations have been able to electrify both urban and rural setups, most of the developing and underdeveloped nations have not been doing so. Apart from this, many countries do not have internet access for the population, let alone the rural population. Rural areas typically have lower population density compared to urban areas, which means that there are fewer potential EV owners and less demand for charging infrastructure. As a result, building and operating charging stations in rural areas can be less financially viable.

In addition, building charging infrastructure in rural areas can be more expensive than in urban areas due to the higher cost of materials, labor, and equipment transport. This can be particularly challenging for charging stations that require grid connection, as the cost of extending the electrical grid to rural locations can be prohibitively expensive. Moreover, private companies may be less willing to invest in charging infrastructure in rural areas due to the lower potential return on investment compared to urban areas. This can result in a lack of funding for charging station development and maintenance.

High Initial Cost of Equipment

Electric farm tractors have a higher initial cost compared to traditional diesel tractors. This is because electric tractors use advanced technology such as electric motors, high-capacity batteries, and advanced power electronics. There are several factors attributed to the high initial cost of an electric tractor which includes battery technology, power electronics, limited production volume, charging infrastructure, and research & development cost. For instance, electric tractors rely on battery technology, which is still relatively expensive. The cost of batteries can be a significant portion of the total cost of an electric tractor and account for around 25-40% of the total cost. Battery costs have been decreasing in recent years, but they remain a major factor in the overall cost of electric tractors.

Development of Alternative Engine Models

Alternative vehicles, such as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and biofuel-powered vehicles, are emerging as potential challengers to electric vehicles. For example, hydrogen fuel cell tractors are a type of electric tractor that use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity instead of traditional batteries. The basic principle behind hydrogen fuel cell technology is to convert hydrogen gas and oxygen into water, generating electricity in the process. The electricity is then used to power an electric motor that drives the tractor. There are key factors that promote the development of alternative engine models. For instance, one of the biggest challenges facing electric vehicles is their limited range. While advances in battery technology have extended the range of electric vehicles, they still have a much shorter range than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. By contrast, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and some biofuel-powered vehicles have longer ranged, making them better suited for long-distance travel.

Limited Market Penetration Owing to Dominance of Conventional Tractors

The conventional tractor industry is dominated by a few key players, including John Deere, AGCO, CNH Industrial, and Kubota. These companies have established themselves as leaders in the market through decades of innovation, production, and marketing. One reason for their dominance is their ability to offer a wide range of products and services to customers. These companies have a strong network of dealers and service providers, allowing them to offer customers a full range of products and services, including financing, maintenance, and repair.

Another reason is their ability to invest in research and development to improve the performance and efficiency of their products. These companies have dedicated research and development teams that work to develop new technologies and products to meet the evolving needs of farmers. Finally, these companies have strong brand recognition and customer loyalty. Farmers often have long-standing relationships with their equipment suppliers and may be reluctant to switch to a new brand or technology.

Market Opportunities:

Integration of New/Advanced Technologies with Electric Farm Tractor

The integration of new technologies in electric farm tractors is an emerging opportunity in the agricultural industry. Tractors have come a long way from their early mechanical versions to now being highly sophisticated machines equipped with a range of advanced technologies. These advancements in technology have not only improved the efficiency of tractors but have also made them more user-friendly and environmentally friendly. One of the most significant developments in electric tractor technology has been the integration of precision farming technologies. Precision farming involves using data and technology to optimize crop production and increase efficiency. The integration of precision farming technologies in tractors has allowed farmers to collect and analyze data on factors such as soil moisture, crop yield, and weather conditions to make more informed decisions.

Opportunities in Developing Nations

Developing countries are facing several challenges in the agriculture sector, including the need for increased productivity, reduced environmental impact, and improved economic sustainability. The adoption of electric farm tractors in these countries can offer several opportunities to address these challenges. Electric farm tractors can offer several benefits that can improve productivity in developing countries. For instance, they require less maintenance than conventional tractors, which can reduce downtime and increase overall productivity. They also have greater torque at low speeds, which can be beneficial for tasks such as plowing and tilling.

How Can This Report Add Value to an Organization?

Product/Innovation Strategy: The product segment helps the reader understand the different types of electric farm tractors available for deployment and their potential globally. Moreover, the study provides the reader with a detailed understanding of the electric farm tractor market by application (light-duty tractor, medium-duty tractor, and heavy-duty tractor), mode of operation (manual and autonomous), and by drivetrain technology (battery electric and hybrid electric).

Growth/Marketing Strategy: The electric farm tractor market has seen major development by key players operating in the market, such as business expansion, product launch, partnership, collaboration, and joint venture. The favored strategy for the companies has been product development to strengthen their position in the electric farm tractor market.

Competitive Strategy: Key players in the electric farm tractor market analyzed and profiled in the study involve major electric farm tractor manufacturers. Moreover, a detailed competitive benchmarking of the players operating in the electric farm tractor market has been done to help the reader understand how players stack against each other, presenting a clear market landscape. Additionally, comprehensive competitive strategies such as partnerships, agreements, and collaborations will aid the reader in understanding the untapped revenue pockets in the market.

Industrial Impact

The electric farm tractor market is still in its early stages but has been experiencing significant growth and technological advancements in recent years. The market is driven by increasing environmental concerns, stricter emissions regulations, and the desire for sustainable farming practices. However, challenges such as limited battery range, longer charging times, and higher upfront costs compared to conventional tractors need to be addressed to accelerate adoption. Major agricultural machinery manufacturers, as well as startups, are investing in research and development to bring more efficient and affordable electric tractors to the market. Collaborations with battery manufacturers and advancements in battery technology are expected to address the range and charging limitations of electric tractors, further driving the market growth.

The electric farm tractor market is anticipated to expand as farmers recognize the long-term benefits of electric tractors and the government continues to support sustainable agricultural practices. The growth of the market is expected to be influenced by factors such as advancements in battery technology, charging infrastructure development, and the overall cost competitiveness of electric tractors compared to their conventional counterparts. In addition, battery technology is a critical area of focus for electric farm tractors. Advances in battery chemistry, energy density, and durability have resulted in improved performance and longer operating ranges. Lithium-ion batteries are commonly used due to their high energy density and efficiency. However, ongoing research aims to develop next-generation battery systems, such as solid-state batteries, which offer even higher energy storage capacity and improved safety. These advancements are crucial for addressing the range limitations of electric tractors and reducing the time required for recharging.

Moreover, electric farm tractors can integrate with precision farming technologies, revolutionizing agricultural practices. These technologies include GPS guidance systems, sensors, and data analytics, enabling precise and targeted farming operations. Electric tractors equipped with precision farming capabilities can accurately perform tasks such as planting, fertilizing, spraying, and harvesting. This enhances productivity, minimizes resource wastage, and promotes sustainable farming practices. Electric farm tractors have seen advancements in autonomous technology, allowing them to operate without human intervention. Through the integration of sensors, cameras, and artificial intelligence algorithms, these tractors can navigate fields, detect obstacles, and perform tasks autonomously. Autonomous electric tractors offer benefits such as improved efficiency, reduced labor requirements, and the ability to operate 24/7. They can also be coordinated with other autonomous farming equipment, enabling synchronized and optimized operations.

Report Synopsis

Report Metrics Details
Base year considered 2023
Forecast period considered 2023-2028
Base year market size $121.2 Million in 2023
Market size forecast $234.0 Million by 2028
Growth rate 14.06%
Units considered $ Million
Segments covered By Application, By Mode of Operation, By Drivetrain Technology, By Region
Industry covered Agriculture
Regions covered North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, MEA
Countries covered U.S., Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Rest-of-South America, France, Germany, Switzerland, Ukraine, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Greece, Belgium, Rest-of-Europe, U.K., China, Japan, India, Australia and New Zealand, South Korea, Rest-of-Asia-Pacific, Israel, South Africa, Turkey, Rest-of-Middle East and Africa
Companies studied
  • Solectrac (Ideanomics, Inc)
  • Cellestial eMobility Private Limited
  • Monarch Tractor
  • Kubota Corporation
  • Sonalika Group
  • Rigitrac Traktorenbau AG
  • Erisha Agritech
  • AutoNxt Automation
  • Ztractor
  • Autonomous Tractor Corporation
  • EOX Tractors (Formerly H2Trac)
  • CLAAS KGaA mbH
  • EVE Srl
  • Amos Power

Global Electric Farm Tractor Industry Overview

The electric farm tractor market was valued at $98.7 million in 2022 and is expected to reach $234.0 million by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 14.06% between 2023 and 2028. The electric farm tractor market is driven by several factors, including the surging demand for sustainable agriculture practices from the agriculture industry, electrification and automation of agriculture machinery, and energy storage systems. In recent years, electric farm tractor has registered an exponential surge in interest among farmers, manufacturers, and researchers from the agriculture industry, with sales of electric vehicles (EVs) reaching record heights.

Market Introduction

The electric farm tractor market is an emerging sector within the agricultural industry that focuses on the development and adoption of electric-powered tractors for various farming operations. Electric farm tractors are designed to replace conventional diesel or gasoline-powered tractors, offering numerous advantages such as reduced carbon emissions, lower operating costs, and quieter operation. Electric tractors utilize electric motors and batteries to power their operations, eliminating the need for fossil fuels. These tractors can be charged through various methods, including grid electricity, renewable energy sources such as solar or wind power, or even portable generators. The use of electric power in farming machinery aligns with the global trend toward sustainability and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Key benefits of electric farm tractors include environmental sustainability, operational efficiency, reduced operating costs, noise reduction, government incentives, and others.

Key Market Players and Competition Synopsis

The companies that are profiled have been selected based on inputs gathered from primary experts and analyzing company coverage, product portfolio, and market penetration.

The top segment players which are offering manual electric farm tractors include manufacturers such as Solectrac (Ideanomics, Inc.), Monarch Tractor, Cellestial eMobility Private Limited, Kubota Corporation, Sonalika Group, Rigitrac Traktorenbau AG, Erisha Agritech, EOX Tractors, EVE S.r.l., and SABI AGRI, that capture around 58.8% of the presence in the market. Players in the autonomous electric farm tractor segment include Monarch Tractor, Ztractor, AutoNxt Automation, Amos Power, SABI AGRI, Autonomous Tractor Corporation, and CLAAS KGaA mbH, among others account for approximately 41.2% of the presence in the market.

Key Companies Profiled

  • Solectrac (Ideanomics, Inc)
  • Monarch Tractor
  • Cellestial eMobility Private Limited
  • Kubota Corporation
  • Sonalika Group
  • Rigitrac Traktorenbau AG
  • Erisha Agritech
  • Ztractor
  • AutoNxt Automation
  • Autonomous Tractor Corporation
  • CLAAS KGaA mbH
  • EOX Tractors (Formerly H2Trac)
  • EVE Srl
  • Amos Power

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Market Report Coverage - Electric Farm Tractor

Market Segmentation

  • Application - Light-Duty Tractor, Medium-Duty Tractor, and Heavy-Duty Tractor
  • Battery Type - Lithium-Ion Battery, Lead-Acid Battery, and Others
  • Drivetrain Technology - Hybrid Electric Farm Tractor, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Farm Tractor, and Battery Electric Farm Tractor

Regional Segmentation

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